Encyclopedia of islam and the muslim world dictionary. Folios from the great mongol shahnama book of kings essay. Persian literature, body of writings in new persian also called modern persian, the form of the persian language written since the 9th century with a slightly extended form of the arabic alphabet and with many arabic loanwords. Epigraphic practices in persia and the ancient iranian world, abstract i am the mazdaworshipping lord shabuhr, king of kings of iran and noniran, of divine nature, son of the mazdaworshipping lord ardaxshir, king of kings of iran, of divine nature, grandson of the lord pabag the king. Heart of iranian identity reimagined for a new generation. His translations from persian include faces of love. Middle persian, spoken from the 3rd century bce to the 9th century ce, is represented by numerous epigraphic texts of sasanian kings, written in aramaic script. The importance of shahnameh in the persianspeaking world is comparable that of homers epics in the west. Epic artwork of the persian book of kings bbc news. Sep 30, 2019 there are also some persian tales of esfandiyar or isfendiyadh in the 10th century ce history of iran known as the shahnameh the book of kings, written by abulqasem ferdowsi tusi. Dick davis translator is professor emeritus of persian at ohio state university and a fellow of the royal society of literature. Colin mitchell 1 it is generally agreed that the chester beatty librarys 14th century copy of the sahname per 114 and the british library volume or. The book of kings is the worlds longest epic poem written by a single poetabout 50,000 lines long, which makes it nearly twice the size of the illiad and odyssey combined.
A history of the persian language at the exhibit a. Extensive study of the manuscript has revealed that the original was probably two. Booktopia has shahnama, the visual language of the persian book of kings by robert hillenbrand. Tiles with verses from the shahnameh have been found in a mongol palace, dating from about 1280. Buy a discounted hardcover of shahnama online from. Oct 29, 2000 this exhibition celebrates the millennium of the poet firdawsis shahnama book of kings, considered one of the worlds great works of literature. Then in about 500 bc, with the great kings darius and xerxes, the mighty persian empire was established. In this stunningly produced and ingeniously crafted popup book, the story of zahhak the serpent king spring.
A new english language version brings the 1,000yearold. The visual language of the persian book of kings presents the first comprehensive examination of the interplay between text and image in the celebrated persian national epic, the. Oct 03, 2015 3 years ago a copy of shahnameh book found in bangladesh. Sep 15, 2010 epic artwork of the persian book of kings. The funeral of isfandiyar, folio from a shahnama book of. His most recent books are union eyewear, 20, wishbone black sparrow, 2012, and buntings persia flood editions, 2012. Colin mitchell 1 tim stanley examines a mid16th century copy of the sahname produced originally in siraz, and on the basis of various annotations, notes, and seal impressions narrates its. An important feature of this work is that although during the period of its creation, arabic was the main language of science and literature, ferdowsi used only. The shahnameh, also transliterated as shahnama persian. The evolution of an artistic vision, new york, 2008. Darius the great 550 bce486 bce was the fourth persian king of the achaemenid empire.
This in turn comes from a province in the south of iran, called fars in the modern persian language and pars in middle persian. The great mongol shahnameh, also known as the demotte shahnameh or great ilkhanid shahnama, is an illustrated manuscript of the shahnameh also rendered shahnama, the national epic of greater iran. But study of firdawsis great, and immensely long, persian classic in the west has accelerated in an extraordinary way during the past two decades or so. The persian digital library project will create an openaccess archive of more than 50,000 persian poems, including the persian classic the book of kings shahnameh. Wherever persian influence has spread, the stories of the shahnameh become deeply embedded in the culture, as amply attested by their appearance in such works as the kite runner and the love poems of rumi and hafez. Timeline of the ancient rulers of persia modern iran successive dynasties of persia from the achaemenids to the arab conquest. It has myths and historical stories from before the arabs conquered persia. Shahnama, the visual language of the persian book of kings by. The epic of the persian kings, was written, capturing the tragedies and joys of the human existence with its wonderful tales of love, loss, deception, adventure, heroes, and antiheroes. It may very well facilitate the quantum leap forward p. The shahname, literally meaning book of kings, is structured according to the mythical and historical reign of 50 persian kings. The shahnameh, which means book of kings in persian, is a versified compendium of stories based in the oral tradition of what is now iran and the regions formerly part of the persian empire. The book of kings is a long epic poem written by the persian poet ferdowsi between c. A thousand years of the persian book the library of congress.
The major language in iran, former persia, is farsi. Kings, 2003 is another book written by robert hillenbrand in which there is an article authored by. Shahnameh the persian book of kings download pdfepub. Serving as an epic retelling of preislamic iranian myths and legends in persian from the time of kyumars and the pishdadian dynasty to that of the.
The shahnama is one of the longest poems ever composed and recounts the history of iran from the dawn of time to the muslim arab conquests of the. Other articles where middle persian language is discussed. Some of the earliest texts in the manuscripts and archives research library are incised in cuneiform script on clay tablets from sumeria modern day iraq. The epic of the persian kings illustrated edition, slipcased ferdowsi, rahmanian, hamid, sadri, ahmad, canby, sheila on. A thousand years of the persian book examines the richness and variety of the persian book and its literary tradition. Kingorama is a website that presents the works on shahnameh, created and produced by awardwinning artist hamid rahmanian. Aug 25, 20 heart of iranian identity reimagined for a new generation shahnameh is the persian odyssey, with ancient legends and myths put into verse. The largest shadow puppet play ever performed, feathers of fire features over 140 colorful shadow puppets, performers in elaborate masks and costumes, and digitally animated backgrounds, seamlessly choreographed together and projected onto a cinemascopesize screen to give the audience a feeling of live animation. Nov 27, 2019 the most popular stories featured epic heroes such as those from the later shahnameh the book of kings written by abolqasem ferdowsi in the late 10th century ce or the tales which make up the famous one thousand and one nights popularly known as the arabian nights.
Jerzy grotowski, where our artists will connect to their body and deepest dreams in relationships with the text to share our own stories, dreams and fantasia with you. It is a branch of the indoiranian languages which is a group of the indo european languages. The history, codicology and illustrations of a 16thcentury shirazi manuscript, tim stanley characters out of context the case of a bowl in the victoria and albert museum, sylvia auld bahram gur woven with gold a silk fragment in the diocesan museum of st afra in augsburg and the modes of rendition of a popular theme, avinoam shalem faint echoes of past splendour a group of brass plaques from 19thcentury qajar iran, ulrike alkhamis and godfrey evans bandari tahiri a late. History, codicology, and illustrations of a robert. May 30, 2019 timeline of the ancient rulers of persia modern iran successive dynasties of persia from the achaemenids to the arab conquest. Persian language, also called farsi, member of the iranian branch of the indoiranian language family. The work is of central importance in persian culture and persian language, regarded as a literary masterpiece. The shahs of old 31k feridoun 42k zal 23k zal and rudabeh 55k rustem 40k the march into mazinderan 60k kai kaous committeth more follies 30k. A breathtaking popup book adaptation of a classic tale from the persian book of kings. Persia in the bible amazing bible timeline with world. Shahnameh baysonqori is a copy of shahnameh book of kings composed by the highly revered iranian poet abu alqasim firdawsi 9401020. The funeral of isfandiyar, folio from a shahnama book of kings 30s abul qasim firdausi from a dispersed copy of the ilkhanid manuscript referred to as the great mongol shahnama, this folio depicts the funeral procession of the persian hero isfandiyar.
Abolqasem ferdowsi was born in khorasan in a village near tus in 940. The persian book of kings penguin classics deluxe by abolqasem ferdowsi isbn. Persian kings in the bible barnes bible charts cyrus 539530 koorush cyrus isaiah 45, daniel ezra cambysses 530521 cambujieh ahasruerus ezra 46 pseudo smerdis 521 berooyeh doroughi artaxerxes ezra 4. Persian language and literaturepersian has historically been, after arabic, the most prestigious literary language in the muslim world and a vehicle of cultural expression in ottoman turkey, central asia, mogul india and, of course, persia greater iran. The visual language of the persian book of kings visual arts research institute edinburgh hillenbrand, robert on. He ruled the empire at its height, when its lands included much of west asia, the caucasus, as well as parts of the balkans, black sea coastal regions, north caucasus, and central asia. The name persia has long been used by the west to describe the nation of iran, its people, or its ancient empire. Bowl with bahram gur and azada the scene on this bowl represents a famous episode from the shahnama, the persian epic passed down orally for centuries until preserved in writing by the poet firdawsi d. The shahnama is one of the longest poems ever composed and recounts the history of iran from the dawn of time.
The papers published in this volume admirably illustrate the range of possible arthistorical approaches to the shahnama and its iconography in the current state of the field and in the wide range of media in which shahnama themes appear. From the tenthcentury seminal shahnameh book of kings by ferdowsi to the works of contemporary writers, the persian language has changed very little in the last millenium. Persian language became the major literary instrument for many poems and religious works. Image caption the paintings date from the early th to the late 19th century. Heart of iranian identity reimagined for a new generation shahnameh is the persian odyssey, with ancient legends and myths put into verse. It is clear from literary references that there was a preislamic tradition of illustrating stories later included in the shahnameh in wallpaintings and probably other media, and some islamic ceramics may well show such scenes. The internet classics archive the epic of kings by ferdowsi. Ahmad karimihakkak discussed the persian book of kings as part of the librarys a thousand years of the persian book exhibition. The book recounts in verse the mythological history of ancient persia and tales of the famous heroes and personalities of iranian history, from. The epic of kings has been divided into the following sections. But study of firdawsis great, and immensely long, persian classic in the west has accelerated in an. Many other famous writers in persian language were poets too, a few being saadi, hafez, rumi.
The shahnameh is a long epic poem written by the persian poet ferdowsi between c. This article lists the monarchs of persia from the establishment of the median empire by medes around 705 bc until the deposition of the pahlavi dynasty in 1979. This is one of the classics of the persianspeaking world and is on a par with the iliad and the aeniad of the grecoromano cultural communities. Ferdowsi, persian poet, author of the shahnameh book of kings, the persian national epic, to which he gave a final and enduring form, although he based his poem mainly on an earlier prose version. Source for information on persian language and literature. The story has lived on as an undeniable classic throughout the centuries, but how many people today own a copy of the book.
Persis is derived from the ancient greek name for iran. New translation of persian book of kings just in time for the persian new year, theres a new english translation of the shahnameh the epic persian book of kings written over the course of. It is the official language of iran, and two varieties of persian known as dari and tajik are official languages in afghanistan and tajikistan, respectively. The visual language of the persian book of kings presents the first comprehensive examination of the interplay between text and image in the celebrated persian national epic, the shahnama, written by the poet firdausi of tus. The shahnama or book of kings, the national epic poem of the iranian people, has long been known in the west thanks to a number of translations and studies.
The happy marriage of literary and visual narrative view the webcast. This page encompasses the shahnameh project created by hamid rahamnian at fictionville studio. The literary form of new persian is known as farsi in iran, where it. Ancient persian culture ancient history encyclopedia.
Consisting of some 50,000 distichs or couplets twoline verses, the shahnameh is the worlds longest epic poem written by a single poet. Developed from a workshop at the university of michigan organized by martin powers, this volume foregrounds the concepts of historicism, citation, and the multiple motivations and meanings of diachronic continuity. An epic remix reorient middle eastern arts and culture. Both of these works are based on a long oral tradition of persian storytelling. Ancient islamic and arabic handwritten documents these illuminated islamic folio pages were discovered in a cache of ancient islamic and persian documents in the middle east. The book of kings series shirin neshats large photo series the book of kings is inspired by the 60,000verse poem shahnameh the book of kings from the eleventh century by the persian poet ferdowsi, today still the great narrative of persian history up to the islamic conquest of persia in the seventh century. The most elaborate and luxurious manuscript of the ilkhanid period is a fourteenthcentury copy now dispersed of the shahnama book of kings, known today as the great mongol shahnama. Nielsen book data summary this text presents a comprehensive examination of the interplay between text and image in the celebrated persian national epic, the. Persian language simple english wikipedia, the free. In persian literature its a given that the shahnameh book of kings is a timeless classic. The poet daqiqi 942980, a contemporary of the poet ferdowsi 9401020, began rendering the shahnameh in verse, and, in turn, ferdowsi included many of daqiqis couplets in his.
It exists today in the form of 57 illustrations and several text pages scattered among public and private collections. The visual language of the persian book of kings, 2004, pp. It is the oldest surviving illustrated manuscript of the shahnameh, probably dating to the 30s, and in its original form, which has not been recorded, was probably planned to consist of about. The shahnama or book of kings, the national epic poem of the iranian people, has long been known in the west thanks to a number of. Prior to the foundation of islam in iran, persians are noted for the development of one of the oldest monotheistic religions, zoroastrianism. Arthistorical art the fortyninth volume of ars orientalis, arthistorical art, is now out. Nielsen book data summary this text presents a comprehensive examination of the interplay between text and image in the celebrated persian national epic, the shahnama, written by the poet firdausi of tus. And there are jewish stories about ahausuerus from as early as the 4th century bce in the bible, particularly the book of esther. Feathers of fire center for middle eastern studies.
Apr 27, 2016 dick davis, translator of the shahnameh. The persian book of kings paperback deckle edge, february 27, 2007. The story has lived on as an undeniable classic throughout the centuries, but how many people today own a copy of the book or have actually read it. The visual language of the persian book of kings contains much of interest and importance to students of islamic history of art and literature. The visual language of the persian book of kings contains much.
The visual language of the persian book of kings, edited by robert hillenbrand. Along with poets such as rudaki and daghighi, who yearned for the glory days of house of sassan, ferdowsi emerged as a major literary figure with his magnum opus, the shahnameh book of kings. These are trendsetting books, hirad dinavari, curator of a thousand years of the persian book, told me as he pointed out the section of the exhibit on modern iranian books critiquing contemporary society this library of congress exhibit is about books, but it also tells a history of the persian language. Composed of more than 100,000 lines, the epic poem recounts the history of iran from the beginning of time to the conquest of islam in the seventh century. Consisting of some 50,000 distichs or couplets twoline verses, the shahnameh is one of the worlds longest epic poems. The visual language of the persian book of kings visual arts research institute edinburgh. Pdf new perspectives in shahnama iconography, in shahnama. The shahnameh, the seminal persian literary work, is based primarily on a prose translation of an earlier pahlavi work, known as the xvataynamak book of kings, from the preislamic sassanid era 224651. The visual language of the persian book of kings visual arts research institute edinburgh robert hillenbrand on. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. The great national epic of persiathe most complete englishlanguage edition and definitive translation by dick davis, available in a deluxe edition by penguin classics.
His great epic, shahnameh, was originally composed for the samanid princes of khorasan. Timeline of the ancient rulers of persia modern iran. It all started with an idea to bring the littleknowns stories of shahnameh the book of kings to the west. Timeline of the ancient rulers of persia modern iran search. The persian book of kings 9771010 ce, is a workinprogress in a rehearsal room, inspired by the theatre of mr. Folios from the great mongol shahnama book of kings.913 467 483 386 871 1498 485 1449 1337 951 322 553 1345 1384 1517 1306 91 1059 1249 991 722 1518 978 1566 267 819 319 331 566 699 1352 638 341 469 1210 999 169 194