It contributes to diseases that account for almost 1 in 10 of all deaths of children. More than half of the global burden of disease from air pollution is borne. There is a certain percentage of gases present in the atmosphere. Air pollution definition, causes, effects and control. This effect is particularly likely to occur in people suffering from asthma and chronic lung disease. A comprehensive treatment ofeach ofthese three areas is beyond the scope of a single book, however. Air pollution has multiple sources, including natural as well as manmade sources. Air pollution is a real danger to not just the environment, but also to human health. Chlorofluorocarbons cfcs reduces the amount of ozone.
Environmental pollution is any discharge of material or energy into water, land, or air that causes or may cause acute shortterm or chronic longterm detriment to the earths ecological balance or that lowers the quality of life. Abdul azeemtextile processingntu water pollution introduction what is water pollution. Premature mortality related to united states crossstate. Jul 11, 2017 this post shall be focusing on 10 of such diseases caused by the air pollution and what pollutants cause them.
Pdf causes, consequences and control of air pollution. Outdoor air pollution has grown 8% globally in the past 5 years, middle east, southeast asia, and the western pacific being the most fastgrowing areas impacted with. Definitions and classifications used in the study of air pollution are introduced. Environment pollution is a widereaching problem and it is likely to influence the health of human populations is great. Air pollution in ghana dangerous levels of toxic air, mainly from car exhaust, rubbish fires, road dust, and soot from biomassfuelled cookstoves, is killing thousands of people in ghana every year, figures from the world health organization who have revealed. Broadly, environmental pollution consists of six basic types of pollution, i. Pdf air pollution occurs when gases, dust particles, fumes or. Published by the arab school for science and technology asst. Pdf causes, effects and solution of water polution. In fact, natural processes release lots of substances into the air that are classed as pollution. Precursor to secondary pm and therefore contributes to the illhealth effects caused by pm 10 and pm 2.
Air pollution refers to any physical, chemical or biological change in the air. Vehicle pollution also transport pollution, motor pollution is the introduction of harmful material into the environment by motor vehicles. Outdoor air pollution adversely affects human health and is estimated to be responsible for five to ten per cent of the total annual premature mortality in the contiguous united states. This post shall be focusing on 10 of such diseases caused by the air pollution and what pollutants cause them. Indoor air pollution from solid fuel use and urban outdoor air pollution are estimated to be responsible for 3. Air pollution is the introduction into the atmosphere of chemicals, particulates, or biological materials that cause discomfort, disease, or death to humans, damage other living organisms such as. The air is certainly a lot cleaner today than in the days of the smogs of the 1950s, when factory chimneys belched out smoke and nearly everyone had a coal fire. Sulfur dioxide is a major modern air pollutant, and according to national geographic, volcanoes can release enough sulfur dioxide into the air to influence global cooling. Air pollution is the presence of one or more disadvantageous content in such quantity and for such duration, as it is catastrophic, or tend to be catastrophic, to human health and welfare, animal or plant life. Living organisms can survive without water for some time but cannot survive without air because when we breathe then we intake oxygen from air and releases carbon. Historically, the main air pollution problem in both developed and rapidly industrialising countries has typically been high levels of smoke and sulphur dioxide emitted following the combustion of sulphurcontaining fossil fuels such as coal. Air pollution is caused by solid or liquid particles and certain gases suspended in the air.
People who breathe in bad air are developing chronic health problems and even dying prematurely due to air pollution exposure. Examples of such pollutants include carbon monoxide, hydrogen, nitrogen oxide, particulate matter, ammonia. Ambient air pollution levels in urban areas increased substantially in the last. Air plays a vital role not only in nature but also in the lives of human beings and all living organisms. The effects of air pollution on the environment and on people are real and need to be addressed. Air pollution is one of the major environmental problems in the world. Statistically significant diminution of visual perception, manual dexterity, ability to. Apr 03, 2020 air pollution has multiple sources, including natural as well as manmade sources. Dec 14, 2016 primary pollutants, such as sulfur dioxide, are ones directly released into the atmosphere. Download a detailed list of the above pollutants what are the causes of air pollution pdf 9kb. Sick building syndrome is the term used when there is indoor air pollution. Air pollution is a mix of particles and gases that can reach harmful concentrations both outside and indoors. Mar 11, 2018 air pollution has become one of the biggest threats to the planet we live in.
Nov 21, 2019 sources of air pollution in europe air pollution is not the same anywhere. Consequences of air pollution co 2 is a good transmitter of sunlight, but it also partially restricts infrared radiation going back from the earth into space, which produces the so. Some of us contribute towards air pollution in our day to day life, due to lack of knowledge. Therefore, all of us must take necessary steps in order to minimize air pollution as much as possible. Its effects can range from higher disease risks to rising temperatures. Environmental pollution has its own causes, effects and solutions. Pdf air pollution as a significant cause of diseases and. Mortality from both ambient and household air pollution for 2016 pdf, 180kb. As such, humans have a responsibility to fix it as well.
The effects of air pollution are very harmful for health. Environmental pollution, types, causes, impact and management. The study also found that the rates of urban residents who perceived air pollution 35. Contamination is understood as the introduction of several elements that are harmful to the ecosystem or that interfere with the natural balance of its biotic or abiotic components. Causes of solid waste pollution solid wastes are categorized as municipal waste, industrial waste, and hazardous wastes. The united states, which constitutes for approximately 5 percent of the world population, alone produces 25 percent of the total carbon dioxide in the world. Air pollution causes about 28,000 premature deaths in ghana every year who 7 2. Looking into these will help you identify the causes and what steps you can take to mitigate those effects.
Environmental pollution can be defined as a change that is not wished or desired in the chemical, physical, or biological characteristics of any component of the environment air, water, and soil which can cause harmful effects on various or many forms of life. Top 10 causes of air pollution the word air pollution itself is not a very pleasing one. Volcanoes, forest fires, and dust storms are natureborn events that dump massive amounts of air pollution into the environment. Different pollutants are released into the atmosphere from a wide range of sources, including industry, transport, agriculture, waste management and households. Oct 31, 20 air pollution is a huge problem, and it is one that humans have caused. What are the causes of air pollution pollutant description and main uk sources potential effects on healthenvironment particulate matter pmpm 10 and pm 2. For environmental health science students air pollution mengesha admassu, mamo wubeshet university of gondar in collaboration with the ethiopia public health training initiative, the carter center, the ethiopia ministry of health, and the ethiopia ministry of education august 2006. Sources of air pollution in europe air pollution is not the same anywhere.
Causes, effects and solutions to environmental pollution. When people think pollution, they almost always blame other people. Among the leading causes of air pollution, human transportation is by far the most prominent. These primary pollutants sometimes react with other chemicals in the air to produce. Environmental pollution, types, causes, impact and. The atmosphere of the earth is like a blanket of air which protects all life. Air pollution is made up of gases, dust, odors, particles, smoke, fumes, and other substances which can be harmful to humans, animals, plants, and all living organisms. Also introduced are a brief history of air pollution. Air pollution occurs when gases, dust particles, fumes or smoke or odour are introduced into the atmosphere in a way that makes it harmful to humans, animals and plant. This is one of the most common diseases that can affect the humans. Air pollution continues to rise at an alarming rate, and affects economies and peoples quality of life.
It is the contamination of air by harmful gases, dust and smoke which affects the plants, animals, and humans drastically. Here is a list of 10 most prominent causes behind air pollution. Consequences of air pollution co 2 is a good transmitter of sunlight, but it also partially restricts infrared radiation going back from the earth into space, which produces the socalled greenhouse effect that prevents a drastic. As such, the traditional practice of wood and charcoal burning is usually a chief contributor to indoor air pollution in developing nations. Air pollution is an undesirable change in the physical, chemical or biological characteristics of air. This air pollution destroys plants, damages buildings and creates oxidation on iron. Primary pollutants major primary pollutants produced by human activity, sulfur oxides sox particularly sulfur dioxide, a chemical compound with the formula so2.
This paper provides the insight view about the affects of environment pollution in the perspective of air pollution, water and land soil waste pollution on human by diseases and problems, animals and trees plants. Potential damage to ecosystems at high levels, including degradation of chlorophyll, reduced. Air pollution threatens the health of people in many parts of the world. Radioactive fallout causes air pollution from the nuclear energy dispersed, which is a dust. Air pollution is associated with a number of adverse health effects, including heart disease, stroke, lung. Factories, office buildings, homes and powergenerating stations burn fossil fuels, which cause air pollution. Air pollution facts, causes and the effects of pollutants in. Causes of air pollution what causes air pollution 10 main. These materials, known as pollutants, have several bad effects on human health and the ecosystem. Living organisms can survive without water for some time but cannot survive without air because when we breathe then we intake oxygen from air and. It is the contaminants of air by the discharge of detrimental substances.
This can be in the form of excessive gases like carbon dioxide and other vapours that cannot be effectively removed through natural cycles, such as the carbon cycle or the nitrogen cycle. Air pollution remains one of the principal environmental factors linked to preventable illness and premature mortality across the world. Air pollution is defined as the introduction of pollutants, organic molecules, or other unsafe materials into earths atmosphere. The word air pollution is surrounded by pangs of concern and clouds of worry. Mar 24, 2017 air pollution ppt and pdf for free download. Pdf causes, effects and solution of water polution abdul. So2 is produced by volcanoes and in varies industrial process. Air pollution is a major cause of noncommunicable diseases. Coal and petroleum often contain sulfer compounds, and their combustion generates sulfer dioxide. An introduction to air pollution definitions, classifications, and history. We should all act now to end air pollution and thus to make the world a happier and healthier place for both humans and animals. In terms of global disease burden, air pollution is the cause of over onethird of deaths from stroke, lung cancer, and chronic respiratory disease, and onequarter of deaths from ischaemic heart disease.
Air pollution is the introduction into the atmosphere of chemicals, particulates, or biological materials that cause discomfort, disease, or death to. Pollution is of different kinds depending on the nature of pollutants and. Secondary pollutants, like smog for example, are the result of primary pollutants intermingling with the already existing particles in the atmosphere. Causes of air pollution what causes air pollution 10. It causes different kinds of respiratory diseases like heart attack, cancer, bronchitis etc. Keep reading to learn more about the different types of air pollution, their effects, and possible ways to control them. The effects of air pollution wreck havoc on human health and our planet as a whole. More than 15,000 premature deaths in ghana in 2017 were due to air pollution, according to updated estimates from the health effects institute hei, the institute for health metrics and evaluations ihme, the university of taxas at austin, and the university of. The health of humans, well being of other animals and the natural balance in the ecosystem, everything its and bits of life is threatened by air pollution.
An increase or decrease in the composition of these gases is harmful to. Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies e. Burning charcoal, wood, and crop waste release carbon monoxide co, carbon dioxide co2, and particulate matter into the atmosphere that potentially causes air pollution. Learn about what causes air pollution and how to help reduce the effects. Chemicals discharged into the air that have a direct impact on the environment are called primary pollutants. Without any further ado, lets get into some specific causes of air pollution. These particles and gases can come from car and truck exhaust. Air pollution is caused by a wide variety of things. Lets not forget that the earth is one of the biggest polluters itself, though. Municipal waste arises from domestic activities of human beings. Air pollution when the air is dirty it has become polluted. The weight of an air contaminant in a cubic meter of air 3mgm and the volume ratio ppm v, or just ppm are normally used.1480 1460 1587 49 359 861 80 120 1621 1243 602 216 89 1609 1253 1573 1406 1147 1423 1055 1414 1225 885 680 1456 759 1608 1541 1214 742 47 512 1139 700 580 1438 570 810 1010 1248